In the recent years the middle east has been hit with waves of human rights violations and abuses, that was unprecedented in its long history of conflicts and disputes in this region, this escalation was not born in a one day, it has been born and grown from a political and social situation which took decades to reach this point that we see today.
From the times of the ottoman empire, the governments in the middle east has legitimized themselves not by the rule of law, but by the rule of force and the sword, the idea of democracy and human rights were absent from that days until today, we sadly remember how the Armenian minority among others has been massacred, and until now the Turkish government don’t condemn this act, or admit what it did in those years.
And after the brutal rule of the ottoman empire, there was the nationalist revolutions, where small elite and military forces took over governments and put their own people into power positions, confiscating land, newspaper outlets, libraries, schools and universities, creating one state parties and ruling the middle east with the same methods as the ottomans who came before them.
the continuation of abuse of power from the authorities for centuries has created a region where conflicts become impossible to stop in any given time, in addition to this, the creation of state of Israel and the huge violations of human rights from this state, has created a public discontent not only in Palestine, but in the whole Muslim world.
furthermore the absence of scientific and humanistic revolutions and enlightenments in the middle east, coupled with severe corrupted regimes, plus strong devotion of people to different kinds of religious groups and fractions has created a region where there is no room for progress and forward thinking solutions.
The recent technological advances in the world that reached the middle east, as a part of the globalization movement, like the mobile phones, satellite television and last but not least the internet, gave huge space of freedom of expression to the populations in a scale was unheard of in the last centuries, with those tools in hand, human right, and journalism became everywhere, every citizen has become a journalist, reporting, writing, and broadcasting information about human rights abuses in any given time of the year of what is known today as citizen journalism, and although governments still were cracking down on voices and ideas of people, this time the waves were much stronger than their military rusted ships.
citizens around the middle east started to watch read and interact with the recent news and started to have more knowledge of what’s happening in the outside world, from revolts in the countries next door, to western movies, where sex and love is shown as natural things that can anyone do without a shame or guilt.
As everyone knows we live in the American century where united states plays a huge role in which direction the human history is going, from cinema to values to wars, united states has and still shaping the world to its accustomed shape, the rapid involvement of united states in the Muslim world first in the afghan war, and then in Iraq and recently in Libya and Syria, has created a monstrous image in the minds of huge populations of the middle east, they see the US as a state which will take destroy their land with political miscalculations and dry their natural resources, but because the Arab countries are divided on themselves some of them stood next to united states like the Saudi Arabia the worst human rights abuser in the world, and the others against it, standing with Russia and Iran, which are also human rights abusers.
The last chapter of the human rights slow progress in the middle east came with the creation of social media and networking websites, those websites created the space for like-minded people to come together and express their ideas and commonalities and political aspirations and dreams, and those social media tools, has brought down long lasting regimes in the middle east, in a very controversial social movement that swept the Arab world called the Arab spring.
there were total shock in too many countries when these (digit-social) revolutions took place, some countries couldn’t survive the tsunami like Egypt, because it happened too fast for them, other regimes learnt from the other countries and took severe steps like jailing opinion leaders and closing down websites, this was the case in Syria, other regimes like Saudi Arabia, invested heavily in NGO organizations to create a grassroots support to their governments, and its quite obvious that the Saudi money is not only enough to sway public support inside Saudi Arabia, but goes beyond to reach all the middle east, radicalising country by country, putting a solid ground to the consistency of the Wahabi regime, and keeping the oil production steady to supply the west.
The lack of role models coupled with absence of national feeling of belonging in the Arab world backed with severe economic underdevelopment and mass number of unemployed young generation with the political vacuum which was created by the toppling of the old regimes, all of this created a safe ground for creation and growth of Islamic fundamentalism and extremism which has no respect of any kind of human rights dearly respected in the western world, this kind of extremism was the reason why Mursi won the elections in Egypt, Erdogan in Turkey, also paved the for the creation of what is called “free Syrian Army” and other military factions on the ground in Syria.
And finally but not lastly, all this troubled political scenery which begins with the fall of Afghanistan, Iraq and Libya has created a safe heaven, for ultra-fundamentalist groups, like ISIS and Jabhat Al nusra, in Syria, those groups shown again and again that they are masters in killing and torture and have the capacity to show the world that they will butcher journalists on air and would make suicide killing all over the world, creating chaos and destroying civilization.
in order for middle east and the world to see the glimpse of peace and prosperity, some major changes has to be made on the ground, starting from Palestine there should be a two-state solution and halt for the daily massacre of civilians in Gaza, foreign powers should make lesser interventions into other country’s affairs, in Iraq, the government should be empowered to protect its borders and fight extremist groups and factions, totalitarian regimes in Saudi Arabia and Iran among many others, should decrease their human rights abuses for the sake of their people, the Syrian government should have a transitional body, where moderate representatives should represent different interests, and the war should be ended immediately, governments should improve their standards of daily conduct for governments are created to support people’s lives and make it easier for them not the other way around.